Sacred structures — centres of the Christian faith

Christian sacred structures are used to celebrate the Eucharist and are places of collective and individual memory. The work On the Conversion of the Bavarians and Corinthians to the Faith includes mention of the consecration of a church in Nitra. Today it is presumed that this event may have taken place in 828. Archaeological finds testify to the existence of Christianity among the Slavs mainly at fortified settlements and centres of power. The remains of sacred structures are direct evidence of the presence of Christianity. Archaeological excavations in Moravia and Slovakia, specifically in Staré Město, Mikulčice, Pohansko near Břeclav and Modrá near Velehrad and later in Nitra, Bratislava and Ducové, have provided evidence of stone sacred architecture dating from the 9th century. Current knowledge suggests that most of the churches in the territory of Moravia and Slovakia from the period of the existence of Great Moravia were constructed prior to the arrival of the Byzantine mission of Saints Cyril and Methodius. The oldest sacred structures are considered to be Uherské Hradiště-Sady (the eastern section with the rectangular end), Mikulčice - Church No. 2 and Modrá near Velehrad. Churches in Staré Město (Na Valách and Na Špitálkách), Břeclav-Pohansko, Mikulčice (Church Nos. 3, 4 and 6) and probably the basilica in Bratislava were also probably built before the arrival of Cyril and Methodius. Some of the sacred structures were established after the arrival of Cyril and Methodius in the territory of Great Moravia. The question of Pribina’s church in Nitra has not yet been solved.

(Source: Peter Ivanič, University of Constantine the Philosopher in Nitra)